The 61 kilometer long Causapscal River winds its way through the Matapedia Valley. It flows into the Matapedia River at the center of the municipality of Causapscal. The Causapscal is home to some of the largest salmon in Quebec.
Sport fishing on this river was pioneered by a Scotsman, George Stephen, who became Lord Mount Stephen in 1891, and a Quebecer, Richard Nelson Adams. A co-founder of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Stephen leased the Matapedia and Causapscal rivers and bought six lots. In the 20th century, Adams earned a worldwide reputation as a guide on these rivers. The Corporation de gestion des rivières Matapédia et Patapédia, which has managed sport fishing on the Causapscal since 1992, has created the Richard Adams Foundation, which works to promote scientific research on salmon and to protect the species in the region.
Every year, from late May onwards, 450 to 600 salmon swim up the Causapscal River, which is divided into 2 sectors with restricted access, totaling 31 kilometers and 25 pools. Access rights are limited to 4 per day per sector, and fishing is usually by canoe. In sector 2, a guide is mandatory. The water is brown, but can become darker after a heavy rain. The river bottom is made up of large stones, and the flow, rapid in spring, becomes moderate in summer.
Renowned for its large salmon, this magnificent river is also known for its tranquility and magnificent scenery. The municipality of Causapscal is home to Matamajaw, a former fishing club that is now the only museum in Quebec dedicated to sport salmon fishing.
Photo credit: CGRMP