The Rivière-aux-Saumons flows northward on Anticosti Island over a 52-kilometer distance. It empties into Broom Bay after flowing down a watershed divide located more than 200 meters above sea level.
Despite being one of the only darker-colored rivers on the Island, the Rivière-aux-Saumons still has an extraordinary transparency. The riverbed is mostly made up of rocks and pebbles. The river provides 10% of the Island’s salmon spawning areas and, along with the Rivière de la Chaloupe, 20% of all potential habitat for adult salmon.
Like most other Anticosti Island rivers, it has a highly fluctuating discharge. The water level drops significantly after only a few days without rain. Salmon are then constricted to deeper parts of the river and become almost completely idle. However, as soon as the rain comes, the fish that were still waiting in the estuary can finally begin to travel up the tinted water to reach their spawning grounds.
The Rivière-aux-Saumons stands out because of its impressive limestone cliffs, which can pose somewhat of a challenge to some anglers trying to cast far out into the river. This sort of rocky terrain gradually flattens out and becomes more angler-friendly in the lower sections. Safari Anticosti holds exclusive fishing rights on a 30 km stretch up from the mouth of the river. You can wade fish in 16 different pools located just above the outfitter’s water, out of 36 total salmon pools on the entire river.