A trademark of the Fédération des gestionnaires de rivières à saumon du Québec
Regulations

Are there any conservation limits in Quebec?

To conserve salmon and sea-run brook trout populations, daily and annual catch limits have been established. For large salmon – measuring 63 cm (~25 inches) or longer – catch-and-release may be mandatory at certain times and on certain rivers.

 

Are there limits on a daily or annual catch ?

In rivers where Atlantic salmon catch is allowed, the number of salmon that can be catch per day and per angler is one or two, depending on the river. Annually, a fisherman can't catch more than seven salmons.

 

What is "Catch and Release"?

Catch-and-release refers to the practice of returning live salmon to the water immediately after they have been legally caught.

Like a growing number of both novice and expert anglers, you may choose to practice voluntary catch-and-release to help preserve the species and ensure the sustainability of wild fish populations. There’s nothing more rewarding than seeing a salmon – one you just had the privilege of catching – take off again with a quick flip of its tail!

 

Is the "Catch and Release" mandatory?

Catch-and-release of large salmon – 63 cm (~25 inches) or longer – may be required on certain rivers and at certain times of the year, to help preserve salmon and sea-run brook trout populations. Pour en savoir davantage sur l'obligation de remise à l'eau sur un territoire donné, veuillez consulter la page de l'exploitant de la rivière où vous souhaitez pêcher.

Catch-and-release is required in the following cases:

  • when the angler holds a sport fishing licence for mandatory catch-and-release;
  • when the annual catch limit has been reached;
  • when the salmon is caught or hooked by a body part other than its mouth;
  • when the salmon is caught during a period or in a location where salmon fishing is prohibited;
  • when keeping salmon of the size caught is prohibited (e.g., smolt under 30 cm (~12 inches) in length);
  • when the salmon is caught using illegal gear.

 

Y a-t-il des limites de « Remise à l’eau » au Québec ?

Il n'y a pas de limite annuelle, mais il est interdit de remettre à l’eau plus de trois saumons par jour par pêcheur, exception faite des régions du Nord-du-Québec et de la Basse-Côte-Nord où il n’y a pas de limite réglementaire. Il n'y a pas de limite annuelle. Ces deux régions sont exemptées de limite réglementaire, puisque la température de l’eau est la plupart du temps optimale pour la survie des saumons remis à l’eau.

 

Are there any regulations on catch sizes in Quebec?

Depending on size, the territory, the fishing license and the time of year, the catches can be permitted or prohibited.

Name  Lenght  Catch
Parr less than 30 cm

complete prohibition

Small salmon (grilse)  between 30 and under 63 cm According to the regulations of the territory
Big Salmon 63 cm and more According to the regulations of the territory


In collaboration with the operator of a river, the Government of Quebec decides on fisheries management rules. For more information on the catch limits & permitted sizes, as well as the mandatory or voluntary practice of catch and release, see the operator of the river page.

 

How to measure the size of a salmon?

The size of a fish shall be measured from the tip of the snout, with mouth closed, to the extreme end of the tail fin., however the method to determine the length of a salmon differs;  it is measured from the tip of the snout, with mouth closed to the middle end of the caudal fin rays.

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Is the catch outside the salmon rivers allowed?

It is forbidden to keep large salmon fished out of rivers.

 

Must I register my catches?

Within 48 hours of the end of your fishing outing, you must register all the salmon you have caught and kept. This must be done at a registration station designated by the Government of Québec: either an outfitter, a wildlife reserve that offers salmon fishing, or a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) for salmon fishing. If there is no station where you are, you may register your catch with the MDDEFP by telephone.

Registration of the catch is a means of collecting data about the salmon (such as weight, age and gender), providing important information on the status of the salmon population in each river. Information needed to register your salmon catch:

  • Fork length in centimetres and weight in kilograms before the salmon is gutted. “Fork length” is measured from tip of snout to the bottom of the fork in the caudal fin (tail);
  • Poids du saumon non éviscéré en kilogrammes;
  • Date and time of catch;
  • Name of the pool;
  • Your name, address and telephone number;
  • Le numéro de scellé utilisé.

Registration envelopes are available at the station kiosk, where the staff can advise you on how to complete your catch registration.

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Should I label a salmon taken?

When you catch and keep a salmon, you must immediately tag it, attaching the tag through the gills and mouth of the fish or to the caudal peduncle, around the spine. Make sure that the tag is well attached and the fastener is very firmly closed. The tagging procedures are described on the back of your sport fishing licence for anadromous Atlantic salmon. It is illegal to have an untagged salmon in your possession.

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What type of salmon  fishing permits allows me to keep one?

Two types of permits allows you to keep a salmon.

Type of permits    Catch Release
Annual permit 7 salmons annually unlimited annually
One day permits 1 salmon the fishing day According to the daily limit allowed
Annual permit with mandatory release of salmon 0 unlimited annually

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What is the daily withdrawal limit by river?

We invite you to consult the table below to know the limits of daily sampling by river:

Bas-Saint-Laurent - Charlevoix & Québec - Côte-Nord - Gaspésie - Saguenay Lac-St-Jean

 

Bas-Saint-Laurent

River

Small salmon

Large saumon
Kedgwick

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions.

Ouelle

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Rimouski

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season

Up

Charlevoix & Québec

River

Small salmon

Large saumon

Du Gouffre

One (1) 

Catch and release all season
Malbaie

One (1)

Catch and release all season
Jacques-Cartier Closed Closed

Up

Côte-Nord

River

Small salmon

Large saumon

Escoumins

Two (2) 

Catch and release
Laval

One (1)

Catch and release
Moisie

Two (2) 

One (1) 63 cm and over
Saint-Jean

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Up

Gaspésie

River

Small salmon

Large saumon

Bonaventure

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Cap-Chat

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Cascapédia

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Dartmouth

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Matane

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Mitis

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Nouvelle

Two (2)*

Catch and release all season
3 rivières Pabos

Two (2)*

Catch and release all season
Petite Cascapédia

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Sainte-Anne

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Saint-Jean-Gaspé

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

York

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting Julyt 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Causapscal

Two (2)

One (1) 63 cm and over
Grande-Rivière

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Madeleine

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Malbaie Restraint Catch and release all season
Matapédia

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting August 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Patapédia

Two (2) 

Catch and release. Starting July 1st, may be can kept under certain conditions

Port-Daniel Restraint Catch and release all season
Ristigouche Not available Not available

Up

Saguenay Lac-St-Jean

River

Small salmon

Large

À Mars

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Petit-Saguenay

Two (2)

Catch and release all season
Sainte-Marguerite

Two (2) 

Catch and release all season
Saint-Jean-du-Saguenay

One (1)*

Catch and release all season

Up

*the number of total catch per year is limited